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Diabetes. 2013 Feb;62(2):649-52. doi: 10.2337/db12-0058. Epub 2012 Nov 27.

Plasma resistin is associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms of a possible resistin receptor, the decorin gene, in the general Japanese population.

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Department of Molecular and Genetic Medicine, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Ehime, Japan.


Resistin is an adipokine secreted from adipocytes in mice. We previously reported that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) -420 (rs1862513) in the human resistin gene (RETN), is correlated with plasma resistin. Decorin is a multifunctional proteoglycan, and its isoform, lacking 14 amino acids from the N terminal region of mature core decorin, recently was identified as a resistin receptor in mice. To examine whether SNPs in the vicinity of the human decorin gene (DCN) are associated with plasma resistin, we cross-sectionally analyzed six tag SNPs selected around DCN in the same linkage disequilibrium block in 2,078 community-dwelling Japanese subjects. Plasma resistin was associated with the rs7139228, rs7956537, rs516115, and rs3138167 genotypes in DCN. A multiple regression analysis revealed that the genotype of rs7308752 (G/G) or rs516115 (C/C) was associated with decreased plasma resistin after adjusted for age, sex, BMI, and the RETN SNP rs1862513. The effect of rs7139228 and rs1862513 seemed to be additive without synergistic interaction. Therefore, plasma resistin was associated with some tag SNPs around DCN in the general Japanese population. The possibility that human decorin is a human resistin receptor should be pursued.

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