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Nurs Res. 2013 Mar-Apr;62(2):115-21. doi: 10.1097/NNR.0b013e31827aec29.

Contributors to depressive symptoms among Korean immigrants with type 2 diabetes.

Author information

1
Program in Nursing Science, College of Health Sciences, University of California at Irvine, 100B Berk Hall, Irvine, CA 92697-3959, USA. sechoi@uci.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients with diabetes have a higher prevalence of depression than the general population. Korean immigrants with type 2 diabetes are understudied.

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in Korean immigrants.

METHODS:

In this cross-sectional descriptive study, a community sample of 164 Korean immigrant adults with type 2 diabetes were assessed for depressive symptoms using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. Predictors of depression were grouped into three categories: demographic (age, gender, education, English proficiency), clinical (duration of diabetes, comorbidities, insulin use), and psychosocial (general health, diabetes-related quality of life [QOL], family support).

RESULTS:

Approximately 56% of participants had Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale scores of ≥16. Higher levels of depression were associated with greater impact of diabetes on QOL (b = 5.68, p = .001), worse overall health (b = -0.09, p = .012), and less family support (b = -4.02, p = .042). The relationship between depression and diabetes impact on QOL was stronger for men than women (b = 6.67, p = .020).

DISCUSSION:

Depressive symptoms are common among Korean immigrants with type 2 diabetes. Assessing diabetes-related QOL, general health, and family support may be of value in better understanding depressive symptoms among this population. Among Korean immigrant men with type 2 diabetes, specific attention should be paid to diabetes-related QOL.

PMID:
23190692
PMCID:
PMC3594573
DOI:
10.1097/NNR.0b013e31827aec29
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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