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Facial Plast Surg. 2012 Dec;28(6):611-20. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1329936. Epub 2012 Nov 27.

Port-wine stain laser treatments and novel approaches.

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1
Department of Dermatology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Port-wine stains (PWSs) are capillary vascular malformations that are commonly resistant to treatment. Currently, the pulsed dye laser (PDL) is the treatment of choice. Multiple treatments are required and complete blanching after laser irradiation is rarely achieved. We review current therapeutic modalities for PWSs and recent developments for enhanced clearance.

STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Relevant literature was reviewed including PDL modifications for improved efficacy, alternative laser devices for treatment-resistant PWSs, and the addition of agents to modulate the wound-healing response after laser irradiation.

RESULTS:

Although PDL is the treatment of choice for PWSs, increased understanding of interactions between PWSs and PDL has led to improvements in therapeutic outcome in terms of lesion blanching.

CONCLUSIONS:

Preliminary evidence of combination therapy using antiangiogenic agents after laser irradiation appears promising and could lead to the development of a new standard of care for PWSs.

PMID:
23188689
DOI:
10.1055/s-0032-1329936
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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