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World J Surg. 2013 Feb;37(2):452-8. doi: 10.1007/s00268-012-1840-5.

Long-term outcome after liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma larger than 10 cm.

Author information

1
Department of Visceral Surgery and Transplantation, University Hospital CHUV, Bugnon 46, 1012 Lausanne, Switzerland. pierre.allemann@chuv.ch

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The purpose of the present study was to analyze long-term survival and disease-free survival after liver resection for giant hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ≥ 10 cm compared to HCC < 10 cm in diameter. The surgical approach in the treatment of giant HCC may achieve long-term survival and disease-free survival comparable to treatment of smaller lesions.

METHODS:

This retrospective analysis was a monocentric study conducted in a tertiary university center. It included 101 patients from 114 consecutive liver resections for HCC, separated into two groups: those with tumors less than 10 cm in diameter (small HCC; n = 79) and those with tumors larger than 10 cm (giant HCC; n = 22). The main outcome measures were overall five-year survival, five-year disease-free survival, recurrence rate, perioperative mortality at 30 days, surgical complication rate, and re-intervention rate.

RESULTS:

The two groups were homogeneously distributed, apart from cirrhosis, which was found more frequently in the group with small HCC (77 vs. 41 %; p = 0.0013). Both median survival (24 vs. 27 months; p = 0.0085) and overall 5-year survival (21 vs. 45; p = 0.04) were significantly poorer in the small HCC group compared to the giant HCC group. There were no differences en terms of recurrence rate, pattern, and timing.

CONCLUSIONS:

Liver resection for HCC larger than 10 cm is a valuable option in selected patients, one that provides overall survival and disease-free survival comparable to smaller lesions. Functional reserves of the liver, more than the size of the lesion, may be important in patient selection for surgical resection.

PMID:
23188527
DOI:
10.1007/s00268-012-1840-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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