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World J Surg. 2013 Feb;37(2):452-8. doi: 10.1007/s00268-012-1840-5.

Long-term outcome after liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma larger than 10 cm.

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Department of Visceral Surgery and Transplantation, University Hospital CHUV, Bugnon 46, 1012 Lausanne, Switzerland.



The purpose of the present study was to analyze long-term survival and disease-free survival after liver resection for giant hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ≥ 10 cm compared to HCC < 10 cm in diameter. The surgical approach in the treatment of giant HCC may achieve long-term survival and disease-free survival comparable to treatment of smaller lesions.


This retrospective analysis was a monocentric study conducted in a tertiary university center. It included 101 patients from 114 consecutive liver resections for HCC, separated into two groups: those with tumors less than 10 cm in diameter (small HCC; n = 79) and those with tumors larger than 10 cm (giant HCC; n = 22). The main outcome measures were overall five-year survival, five-year disease-free survival, recurrence rate, perioperative mortality at 30 days, surgical complication rate, and re-intervention rate.


The two groups were homogeneously distributed, apart from cirrhosis, which was found more frequently in the group with small HCC (77 vs. 41 %; p = 0.0013). Both median survival (24 vs. 27 months; p = 0.0085) and overall 5-year survival (21 vs. 45; p = 0.04) were significantly poorer in the small HCC group compared to the giant HCC group. There were no differences en terms of recurrence rate, pattern, and timing.


Liver resection for HCC larger than 10 cm is a valuable option in selected patients, one that provides overall survival and disease-free survival comparable to smaller lesions. Functional reserves of the liver, more than the size of the lesion, may be important in patient selection for surgical resection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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