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Health Educ Q. 1990 Spring;17(1):99-118.

A systematic effort to reduce smoking at the worksite.

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Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas, Austin 78712.


Smoking control is a key element of worksite health promotion. This three-stage study in a large state human services agency included a baseline survey, an assessment of the effects of competition on recruitment to a self-help cessation program, and examination of the outcome of the cessation program. In stage 1, scales for measuring smoking-related attitudes and the social environment were developed and used to study norms for smoking. Regression analysis was used to ascertain correlates of smokers' intentions to quit and to join a self-help program and non-smoker assertiveness. In stage 2, an evaluation using a quasi-experimental design indicated that competition was moderately effective in increasing the recruitment of all employees to the Great American Smoke-Out (70 vs. 17%) and of smokers to a self-help cessation program (28 vs. 6%). In stage 3, the self-reported quit rate at the end of the program was 28% and the biochemically-verified six months' cessation rate was 7%. Efforts are needed to strengthen, using ethical means, the norms for not smoking at the worksite and to increase both the recruitment to and the effectiveness of smoking cessation programs.

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