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J Am Acad Dermatol. 2013 May;68(5):797-802. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2012.10.014. Epub 2012 Nov 19.

Management of nonsexually acquired genital ulceration using oral and topical corticosteroids followed by doxycycline prophylaxis.

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1
Northern Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia. sdixit177@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Data regarding the treatment of nonsexually acquired genital ulceration (NSAGU) are limited.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to provide evidence for the safety and efficacy of topical and systemic corticosteroids followed by doxycycline prophylaxis for acute and recurrent NSAGU.

METHODS:

A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients with NSAGU treated in a private dermogynecology practice.

RESULTS:

A total of 26 girls and women with NSAGU were identified and divided into 2 groups: group A = 17 patients with moderate to severe ulceration treated in the acute stage with oral corticosteroid; and group B = 9 patients with mild ulceration treated in the acute stage with topical corticosteroid. Patients in group A, with a mean age of 27.9 years (range, 11-62 years), were treated with oral prednisolone commencing with 15 to 50 mg per day depending on severity. Sixteen (94%) achieved rapid pain relief and complete healing of ulcers within 16 days. Eight (47%) commenced doxycycline prophylaxis. Women in group B, with a mean age of 42.5 years (range, 26-67 years) were treated with topical corticosteroids. Eight (89%) had a history of recurrent ulcers and 6 (66%) commenced doxycycline prophylaxis. Of all 14 patients on doxycycline prophylaxis, none reported any recurrences during a mean follow-up of 18.3 months. There were no adverse effects caused by prednisolone. One patient experienced mild photosensitivity from doxycycline but continued to take it.

LIMITATIONS:

This was a retrospective case series from a single private practice-based population.

CONCLUSION:

Topical or oral corticosteroids followed by prophylactic doxycycline can be effective in rapidly resolving acute flareups and preventing recurrences of NSAGU. All patients responded to therapy without treatment-limiting side effects.

PMID:
23182067
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaad.2012.10.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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