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Cell Logist. 2012 Jul 1;2(3):140-146.

Nucleotide exchange factors: Kinetic analyses and the rationale for studying kinetics of GEFs.

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Laboratory of Cellular Biology; National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders; Rockville, MD USA.


Exchange factors are enzymes that catalyze the exchange of GTP for GDP on guanine nucleotide binding proteins. Progress in understanding the molecular basis of action and the cellular functions of these enzymes has largely come from structural determinations (e.g., crystal structures) and studying effects on cells when expression levels of the exchange factors are perturbed or mutated exchange factors are expressed. Proportionally little effort has been expended on studying the kinetics of exchange; however, reaction rates are central to understanding enzymes. Here, we discuss the importance of kinetic analysis of exchange factors for guanine nucleotide binding proteins, with a focus on ADP-ribosylation factor (Arf) and heterotrimeric G proteins, for providing unique insights into molecular mechanisms and regulation as well as how kinetic analyses are used to complement other approaches.

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