Send to

Choose Destination
Diabetes Care. 1990 Apr;13(4):434-7.

Cigarette smoking and neuropathy in diabetic patients.

Author information

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.


We studied whether lifetime cigarette smoking is associated with the presence of diabetic neuropathy. The research design consisted of a case-control study conducted from a referral-based diabetes clinic at a major medical center. The patients were a 65% sample (163 insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus [IDDM] and 166 non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus [NIDDM] patients) of all patients admitted during a 26-mo period. Neuropathy was diagnosed on the basis of signs and symptoms. Smoking history was obtained by mailed questionnaire (66% response rate). Diabetes duration, HbA1, age, sex, peripheral vascular disease, hypertension history, and lifetime alcohol consumption were measured as covariates. The prevalence of neuropathy was 49 and 38% in IDDM (n = 113) and NIDDM (n = 104) patients, respectively. In IDDM, but not NIDDM, current or ex-smokers were significantly more likely to have neuropathy than individuals who had never smoked (odds ratio 2.46, P = 0.02), and the prevalence of neuropathy increased with increasing number of pack-years smoked (P less than 0.001). After adjustment for covariates, IDDM patients smoking greater than or equal to 30 pack-yr were 3.32 times more likely to have neuropathy than patients smoking less than this amount (95% confidence interval 1.15-9.58, P = 0.026). Cigarette smoking was associated with the presence of neuropathy in this clinic-based population of IDDM patients. The hypothesis that cigarette smoking is associated with diabetic neuropathy should be investigated further, both prospectively and in a more representative population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center