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Muscle Nerve. 2013 Mar;47(3):403-8. doi: 10.1002/mus.23537. Epub 2012 Nov 24.

High-Resolution ultrasound of the pudendal nerve: normal anatomy.

Author information

1
Institute of Anatomy, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Genoa, Largo Rosanna Benzi 8, 16132, Genoa, Italy. alberto.tagliafico@unige.it

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

In this study we aimed to determine whether high-resolution ultrasound (US) can identify the pudendal nerve and its terminal branches. We also attempted to identify the best approach for visualizing these structures.

METHODS:

Normal anatomy of the pudendal nerve was evaluated in 3 cadavers and 20 healthy volunteers proximally at the level of the ischial spine and distally with low-frequency (2-5-MHZ) and high-frequency (12-7-MHZ and 17-5-MHZ) transducers. Two musculoskeletal radiologists performed the examinations and evaluations. Volunteers were placed in 3 different positions, which allowed different approaches (posterior, medial, and anterior transperineal). A 0-3 scale was used to assess nerve visibility.

RESULTS:

Visualization of the pudendal nerve at the ischial spine was best when using a medial approach (P < 0.004); the terminal branches were seen best with the anterior approach (P < 0.002).

CONCLUSION:

High-resolution ultrasound (US) can identify the pudendal nerve and its terminal branches.

PMID:
23180573
DOI:
10.1002/mus.23537
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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