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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1990 Apr;(253):184-9.

Acute anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Analysis of complications.

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  • 1Southern California Sports Medicine and Orthopedic Medical Group, Van Nuys.


One hundred fifty-six patients treated with intraarticular anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction were analyzed to determine the incidence of complications. The study group of 31 patients (Group I) was treated with repair or reconstruction of an acute ACL injury. A comparison group of 125 patients had reconstruction for chronic ACL instability (Group II). The patients were evaluated clinically and by roentgenograms. The average follow-up time for the study group was 52.2 months. In Group I, 35% developed fibroarthrosis postoperatively that required arthroscopic lysis of adhesions and manipulation to restore motion. In Group II, only 12% developed this complication. However, developing this complication did not affect a patient's long-term clinical result when properly recognized and promptly treated.

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