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CNS Drugs. 2012 Dec;26(12):1085-96. doi: 10.1007/s40263-012-0021-2.

Perampanel: as adjunctive therapy in patients with partial-onset seizures.

Author information

1
Adis, 41 Centorian Drive, Mairangi Bay, North Shore, Private Bag 65901, 0754 Auckland, New Zealand. CNS@adis.com

Abstract

Perampanel is a novel antiepileptic drug (AED) used as adjunctive therapy in adolescents and adults with partial-onset seizures (with or without secondarily generalized seizures). It is a selective, noncompetitive antagonist of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA)-type glutamate receptors on post-synaptic neurons, and is the first in this new class of AED known as AMPA receptor antagonists. In three randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase III trials in adolescent and adult patients with refractory partial-onset seizures, once-daily administration of perampanel 4, 8 and 12 mg/day (6-week titration phase followed by 13-week maintenance phase), as adjunctive therapy with one to three AEDs, was statistically superior to adjunctive placebo in achieving the key efficacy endpoints of the median percentage change from baseline in seizure frequency and/or the proportion of patients with a ≥50 % reduction in seizure frequency relative to baseline. Adverse events were usually mild or moderate in severity and the most frequent treatment-emergent events reported among perampanel recipients were CNS-related, such as dizziness, somnolence, headache and fatigue. Interim data from a large extension study (16-week blinded conversion period followed by open-label maintenance phase), which enrolled patients who completed the phase III trials, showed a similar group response for the reduction in seizure frequency over at least 1 year of adjunctive treatment with perampanel. Perampanel was generally well tolerated over the longer-term in extension studies, with no unexpected adverse events reported. On the basis of its overall clinical profile and unique mechanism of action, perampanel is a useful adjunctive treatment option in patients with refractory partial-onset seizures.

PMID:
23179642
DOI:
10.1007/s40263-012-0021-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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