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Eur J Pharmacol. 2013 Jan 5;698(1-3):370-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2012.11.019. Epub 2012 Nov 21.

The effect of 2,3,4',5-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-0-β-D glucoside on neointima formation in a rat artery balloon injury model and its possible mechanisms.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, Division of Medicine, Nantong University Medical College, 19 Qi Xiu Road, Nantong 226001, China.

Abstract

2,3,4',5-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-0-β-D glucoside (TSG) has been recognized to suppress the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The aim of the present study was to determine whether TSG inhibits neointimal hyperplasia in a rat carotid arterial balloon injury model. Balloon injury was induced in the left common carotid artery of rats. TSG (30, 60, 120 mg/kg/day) was treated from 3 days prior to, until 14 days after the induction of balloon injury. The ratio of intima-to-media was significantly reduced in the TSG-treated rats at 14 days after the induction of injury, which was associated with reduced expressions of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB), as markers of VSMCs proliferation and migration. Additionally, TSG significantly inhibited PDGF-BB induced cell migration in cultured VSMCs. Furthermore, we explored the underlying mechanisms for such effects of TSG. The result showed that TSG markedly reduced balloon injury-induced AKT, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) and nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) activation as well as mRNA expressions of c-myc, c-fos and c-jun, which is important signal pathway for VSMCs proliferation. And in both vivo and vitro model, TSG markedly regulated matrix metalloproteinase-2, 9 expressions and collagen I, III expressions, which are key factors in extracellular matrix for VSMCs migration. These results suggest that the anti-proliferative and anti-migrative effects of TSG on VSMCs could help to explain the beneficial effects of TSG on neointima hyperplasia induced by balloon injury.

PMID:
23178522
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejphar.2012.11.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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