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Rev Bras Anestesiol. 2012 Nov-Dec;62(6):788-97. doi: 10.1016/S0034-7094(12)70179-4.

The use of disposable laryngeal mask airway for adenotonsillectomies.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual de São Paulo (FMB, UNESP), SC, Brazil. deranieri@terra.com.br

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Tracheal intubation associated with airway operations can cause complications such as laryngospasm, bronchospasm and periods of reduced oxygen saturation. Such complications are frequently reported during adenotonsillectomies, a procedure that by nature increases the incidence of airway complications. The objective of this study was to compare the occurrence of respiratory problems during adenotonsillectomies while using either a disposable laryngeal mask airway (LMA) or an endotracheal tube (TT).

METHODS:

We evaluated 204 pediatric patients undergoing general anesthesia for adenotonsillectomies. The patients were randomly allocated into either the tracheal intubation group (TT, n=100) or the laryngeal mask airway group (LMA, n=104). It was measured the level of oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry (SpO(2)) after the induction of anesthesia (SpO(2)-1), after establishing the operative field (SpO(2)-2), at the end of the surgical procedure (SpO(2)-3), three minutes after the removal of the contained breathing apparatus (SpO(2)-4) and upon admission to the post-anesthesia care unit (SpO(2)-5). All respiratory complications were recorded.

RESULTS:

The mean SpO(2) values and standard deviations for the TT and LMA groups were as follows: SpO(2)-1: 98.9±1.0 and 98.7±0.8 (p>0.25), SpO(2)-2: 97.4±1.0 and 94.9±4.3 (p<0.001), SpO(2)-3: 96.9±1.1 and 97.2±1.1 (p=0.037), SpO(2)-4: 91.7±9.0 and 95.2±2.2 (p<0.001) and SpO(2)-5: 94.0±2.1 and 95.8±2.6 (p<0.001), respectively. In the LMA group, 12 patients required some maneuvering to fix positioning and leaks during surgery. In four patients, the LMA had to be replaced with a TT. Respiratory complications were similar between groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Performing adenotonsillectomies in pediatric patients using a LMA resulted in a lower intraoperative SpO(2), compared to using a TT. In some cases, the LMA had to be replaced with an endotracheal tube. Although the surgery may be performed with LMA, the use of a TT is preferred for safety.

PMID:
23176987
DOI:
10.1016/S0034-7094(12)70179-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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