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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990 Mar 30;1023(1):124-32.

Interactions of mammalian cells with lipid dispersions containing novel metabolizable cationic amphiphiles.

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Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montréal, Canada.


Several novel cationic amphiphiles, based on a hydrophobic cholesteryl or dioleoylglyceryl moiety, have been prepared whose hydrophobic and cationic portions are linked by ester bonds to facilitate efficient degradation in animal cells. Dispersions combining such cationic species with phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), certain structural analogues of PE or diacylglycerol can mediate efficient transfer of both nonexchangeable lipid probes and the DNA plasmid pSV2cat into cultured mammalian (CV-1 and 3T3) cells. The abilities of different types of cationic lipid dispersions to mediate transfection of mammalian cells with pSV2cat could not be directly correlated with their abilities to coalesce with other membranes, as assessed by their ability to intermix lipids efficiently with large unilamellar phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidylserine vesicles in the presence or absence of DNA. The cytotoxicities toward CV-1 cells of dispersions combining PE with most of the degradable cationic amphiphiles studied here compare favorably with those reported previously for similar dispersions containing other types of cationic amphiphiles. Fluorescent analogues of two of the diacylglycerol-based cationic amphiphiles examined in this study are shown to be readily degraded after incorporation into CV-1 cells from PE/cationic lipid dispersions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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