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Biomaterials. 2013 Jan;34(4):1433-41. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2012.10.077. Epub 2012 Nov 19.

Docetaxel-loaded thermoresponsive conjugated linoleic acid-incorporated poloxamer hydrogel for the suppression of peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer.

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Department of Hematology-Oncology, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun-gun, Jeollanamdo, South Korea.


We evaluated the potential of a thermoresponsive hydrogel consisting of conjugated linoleic acid-coupled Pluronic F-127 (Plu-CLA) as a controlled release, intraperitoneal delivery system for docetaxel with the aim of treating peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer. Previously, we established a peritoneal metastasis model that involves the injection of BALB/c mice with TMK1 human gastric cancer cells. One week after the TMK1 cells were injected, the mice were injected intraperitoneally with docetaxel alone or docetaxel-loaded Plu-CLA. Tumor progression and response to therapy were monitored by micro-positron emission tomography. The total number of peritoneal tumors and the ascites volume were also measured. Compared with docetaxel alone, the combination of docetaxel and Plu-CLA (docetaxel-Plu-CLA) significantly and synergistically reduced tumor cell survival. Docetaxel-Plu-CLA showed excellent anti-tumor activity, inducing apoptosis more potently than docetaxel alone. Docetaxel-Plu-CLA also significantly reduced the number of peritoneal metastatic nodules and increased survival in the peritoneal gastric cancer xenograft model. Our results show that intraperitoneal administration of docetaxel-Plu-CLA synergistically inhibits peritoneal metastasis and prolongs survival in a peritoneal gastric cancer model. Therefore, Plu-CLA is a potential intraperitoneal-route carrier for hydrophobic docetaxel for the effective treatment of peritoneal metastatic gastric cancer.

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