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Pediatr Dermatol. 2013 Jan-Feb;30(1):7-16. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1470.2012.01794.x. Epub 2012 Nov 22.

Cutaneous tuberculosis in children.

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Department of Dermatology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.


Cutaneous tuberculosis is a rare form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis that accounts for 1% to 2% of cases. Childhood skin tuberculosis represents 18% to 82% of all cutaneous tuberculosis cases. Scrofuloderma and lupus vulgaris are the two most common clinical forms in children. An increase in the number of tuberculids, especially lichen scrofulosorum, has been observed in the last several years. Cutaneous tuberculosis in children can be severe and have a protracted course. Multiplicity of lesions and multifocal disseminated involvement in scrofuloderma and lupus vulgaris is common. Scrofuloderma progressing to gummatous lesions (scrofulous gumma) is mostly described in children. Morbidities and deformities are more severe in children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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