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Psychol Aging. 1990 Mar;5(1):3-8.

Dementia and agitation in nursing home residents: how are they related?

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Research Institute, Hebrew Home of Greater Washington, Rockville, Maryland 20852.


The link between agitated behaviors and cognitive functioning in 408 nursing home residents was examined. Results showed that cognitively impaired residents manifested aggressive behaviors (e.g., cursing, hitting) and physically nonaggressive behaviors (e.g., pacing). The highest levels of physically nonaggressive behaviors were manifested by those residents who presented intermediate levels of impairment in their performance of activities of daily living. Cognitively intact residents exhibited verbally agitated behaviors (e.g., complaining). These findings have important implications for caregivers of agitated nursing home residents.

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