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Clin Cancer Res. 2013 Jan 15;19(2):442-9. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-2730. Epub 2012 Nov 21.

Variation in precursor lesions of pancreatic cancer among high-risk groups.

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1
Departments of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Radiology, Pathology, and Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) surveillance programs are currently offered to high-risk individuals aiming to detect precursor lesions or PDAC at an early stage. We assessed differences in frequency and behavior of precursor lesions and PDAC between two high-risk groups.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Individuals with a p16-Leiden germline mutation (N = 116; median age 54 years) and individuals from familial pancreatic cancer (FPC) families (N = 125; median age 47 years) were offered annual surveillance by MRI and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) with or without endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) for a median surveillance period of 34 months (0-127 months) or 36 months (0-110 months), respectively. Detailed information was collected on pancreatic cystic lesions detected on MRCP and precursor lesions in surgical specimens of patients who underwent pancreatic surgery.

RESULTS:

Cystic lesions were more common in the FPC cohort (42% vs. 16% in p16-Leiden cohort), whereas PDAC was more common in the p16-Leiden cohort (7% vs. 0.8% in FPC cohort). Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) was a common finding in surgical specimens of FPC-individuals, and was only found in two patients of the p16-Leiden cohort. In the p16-Leiden cohort, a substantial proportion of cystic lesions showed growth or malignant transformation during follow-up, whereas in FPC individuals most cystic lesions remain stable.

CONCLUSION:

In p16-Leiden mutation carriers, cystic lesions have a higher malignant potential than in FPC-individuals. On the basis of these findings, a more intensive surveillance program may be considered in this high-risk group.

PMID:
23172884
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-2730
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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