Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Occup Environ Med. 2012 Dec;54(12):1447-52. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182783f27.

Job strain and incident metabolic syndrome over 5 years of follow-up: the coronary artery risk development in young adults study.

Author information

1
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vt 05405, USA. erika.edwards@uvm.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Theories of stress-induced metabolic syndrome predict that job strain would increase risk. Few studies have evaluated this association.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the association between job strain and the risk of metabolic syndrome.

METHODS:

We investigated associations between job strain and incident metabolic syndrome adjusted for sociodemographic factors, health behaviors, and depressive symptoms over 5 years among 2966 black and white men and women in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study. Job strain was categorized by Karasek's model: high demands/low control; high demands/high control; low demands/low control; and low demands/high control.

RESULTS:

Compared with persons in low-strain jobs, men in active jobs (adjusted hazards ratio, 2.7; 95% confidence interval, 1.5 to 4.9) and women in high strain jobs (adjusted hazards ratio, 2.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.0 to 4.6) had significantly increased risk of metabolic syndrome.

CONCLUSION:

Job strain may be a modifiable risk factor for metabolic syndrome and subsequent cardiovascular disease.

PMID:
23171915
DOI:
10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182783f27
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center