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Cardiol Young. 2013 Oct;23(5):717-21. doi: 10.1017/S1047951112001941. Epub 2012 Nov 21.

Motor training of sixty minutes once per week improves motor ability in children with congenital heart disease and retarded motor development: a pilot study.

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Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart Disease, Deutsches Herzzentrum München, Germany.



Delay and impairment of motor development is reported in patients with congenital heart disease. This pilot study addressed the feasibility and effect of a low-dose motor training programme of 60 min once per week on motor ability in preschool children with congenital heart disease.


In all, 14 children--including four girls, in the age group of 4-6 years--with various types of congenital heart disease performed the motor developmental test MOT 4–6 before and after 3 months of a playful exercise programme of 60 min once a week.


At baseline, the motor quotient ranged from normal to slightly impaired (median 92.0; Quartile 1: 83.75; Quartile 3: 101.25). After intervention, motor quotient did not change significantly for the entire group (95.0 (88.0, 102.5); p50.141). However, in the subgroup of nine children with retarded motor development at baseline (motor quotient lower 100), seven children had an improved motor quotient after 3 months of intervention. In this subgroup, motor quotient increased significantly (p50.020) by 5%.


Overall, a short intervention programme of 60 min only once a week does not improve motor ability in all children with congenital heart disease. However, those with retarded motor development profit significantly from this low-dose intervention.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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