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BMC Gastroenterol. 2012 Nov 22;12:167. doi: 10.1186/1471-230X-12-167.

Association of genetic variations in GNB1 with response to peginterferon plus ribavirin therapy for chronic hepatitis C in a Chinese population in Taiwan.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether polymorphisms in the guanine nucleotide binding (G protein), beta polypeptide 1 (GNB1) gene are associated with a rapid virological response (RVR) among HCV genotype 1 (HCV-1) and 2 (HCV-2) infected patients receiving peginterferon plus ribavirin treatment (PEG-IFNα-RBV).

METHODS:

We analyzed the association between RVR to PEG-IFNα-RBV therapy and 4 tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the GNB1 gene. This study included 265 HCV-1 and 195 HCV-2 infected patients in a Chinese population in Taiwan.

RESULTS:

Among the GNB1 SNPs examined, the combination of genotypes G/G and G/T populations of rs12126768 was significant inversely correlated with RVR in HCV-1 infected patients (P = 0.0330), whereas HCV-2 infected patients, combination of A/A and A/C genotypes populations at rs4648727 responded better to the PEG-IFNα-RBV treatment (P = 0.0089). However, there were no significant differences in the allele frequencies of those SNPs between RVR responders and non-responders. Several RVR susceptibility GNB1 haplotypes were identified, and the ACAT haplotype of the 4 SNPs may increase the successful outcomes of HCV-1 and HCV-2 infected patients (P = 0.0261 and P = 0.0253, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

The data for GNB1 SNPs and the association of RVR showed that GNB1 polymorphisms might be associated with the therapeutic outcomes of HCV-1 and HCV-2 infected patients under standard of care (SOC) treatment.

PMID:
23171003
PMCID:
PMC3536692
DOI:
10.1186/1471-230X-12-167
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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