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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2012 Dec;4(12):6661-8. doi: 10.1021/am302014e. Epub 2012 Dec 4.

Eu(2+)-activated Sr8ZnSc(PO4)7: a novel near-ultraviolet converting yellow-emitting phosphor for white light-emitting diodes.

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Material and Chemical Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30011, Republic of China.


The crystal structure of Eu(2+)-activated Sr(8)ZnSc(PO(4))(7):Eu(2+) phosphor was refined and determined from XRD profiles by the Rietveld refinement method using a synchrotron light source. This phosphor crystallizes in the monoclinic structure with the I2/a space group. The SZSP:xEu(2+) phosphors showed a broad yellow emission band centered at 511 and 571 nm depending on the concentration of Eu(2+), and the composition-optimized concentration of Eu(2+) in the Sr(8)ZnSc(PO(4))(7):Eu(2+) phosphor was determined to be 2 mol %. The estimated crystal-field splitting and CIE chromaticity coordinates of Sr(8)ZnSc(PO(4))(7):xEu(2+) (x = 0.001-0.05 mol) were 20181-20983 cm(-1) and (0.3835, 0.5074) to (0.4221, 0.5012), respectively, and the emission band showed a redshift from 547 to 571 nm with increasing Eu(2+) concentration. The nonradiative transitions between the Eu(2+) ions in the Sr(8)ZnSc(PO(4))(7) host were attributable to dipole-dipole interactions, and the critical distance was approximately 19.8 Å. The combination of a 400 nm NUV chip with a blend of Sr(8)ZnSc(PO(4))(7):0.02Eu(2+) and BAM:Eu(2+) phosphors (light converters) gave high color rendering indices between 79.38 and 92.88, correlated color temperatures between 4325 and 7937 K, and tuned CIE chromaticity coordinates in the range (0.381, 0.435) to (0.294, 0.310), respectively, depending on the SZSP:0.02Eu(2+)/BAM:Eu(2+) weight ratio. These results suggest that the Sr(8)ZnSc(PO(4))(7):0.02Eu(2+)/BAM:Eu(2+) phosphor blend has potential applications in white NUV LEDs.

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