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Pharmacogenomics J. 2013 Dec;13(6):558-66. doi: 10.1038/tpj.2012.48. Epub 2012 Nov 20.

Multi-ethnic cytochrome-P450 copy number profiling: novel pharmacogenetic alleles and mechanism of copy number variation formation.

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1
Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

To determine the role of CYP450 copy number variation (CNV) beyond CYP2D6, 11 CYP450 genes were interrogated by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and quantitative PCR in 542 African-American, Asian, Caucasian, Hispanic and Ashkenazi Jewish individuals. The CYP2A6, CYP2B6 and CYP2E1 combined deletion/duplication allele frequencies ranged from 2 to 10% in these populations. High-resolution microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) localized CYP2A6, CYP2B6 and CYP2E1 breakpoints to directly oriented low-copy repeats. Sequencing localized the CYP2B6 breakpoint to a 529-bp intron 4 region with high homology to CYP2B7P1, resulting in the CYP2B6*29 partial deletion allele and the reciprocal, and novel, CYP2B6/2B7P1 duplicated fusion allele (CYP2B6*30). Together, these data identified novel CYP450 CNV alleles (CYP2B6*30 and CYP2E1*1Cx2) and indicate that common CYP450 CNV formation is likely mediated by non-allelic homologous recombination resulting in both full gene and gene-fusion copy number imbalances. Detection of these CNVs should be considered when interrogating these genes for pharmacogenetic drug selection and dosing.

PMID:
23164804
PMCID:
PMC3580117
DOI:
10.1038/tpj.2012.48
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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