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J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2013 May-Jun;50(3):140-8. doi: 10.3928/01913913-20121113-02. Epub 2012 Nov 20.

Strabismus in craniosynostosis.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York, USA. Jamiebella78@gmail.com

Abstract

Strabismus is common in craniosynostosis, with rates from 39% to 90.9% in Crouzon, Apert, Pfeiffer, and Saethre-Chotzen syndromes. This article reviews the epidemiology of strabismus in these disorders and discusses competing theories of the mechanism, including absent muscles, excyclorotation of muscles, and instability of muscle pulleys. The authors then review options for surgical treatment of the often complex ocular misalignment in these disorders.

PMID:
23163259
DOI:
10.3928/01913913-20121113-02
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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