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Biomed Opt Express. 2012 Nov 1;3(11):2694-9. doi: 10.1364/BOE.3.002694. Epub 2012 Oct 2.

Laser-scanning photoacoustic microscopy with ultrasonic phased array transducer.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA.


In this paper, we report our latest progress on proving the concept that ultrasonic phased array can improve the detection sensitivity and field of view (FOV) in laser-scanning photoacoustic microscopy (LS-PAM). A LS-PAM system with a one-dimensional (1D) ultrasonic phased array was built for the experiments. The 1D phased array transducer consists of 64 active elements with an overall active dimension of 3.2 mm × 2 mm. The system was tested on imaging phantom and mouse ear in vivo. Experiments showed a 15 dB increase of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) when beamforming was employed compared to the images acquired with each single element. The experimental results demonstrated that ultrasonic phased array can be a better candidate for LS-PAM in high sensitivity applications like ophthalmic imaging.


(110.5100) Phased-array imaging systems; (110.5125) Photoacoustics; (170.0170) Medical optics and biotechnology; (170.4460) Ophthalmic optics and devices; (170.5120) Photoacoustic imaging

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