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Tetrahedron. 2012 Jul 22;68(29):5738-5743. Epub 2012 May 16.

Scaleable processes for the synthesis of (-)-β-D-2,6-diaminopurine dioxolane (Amdoxovir, DAPD) and (-)-β-D-2-aminopurine dioxolane (APD).

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Center for AIDS Research, Laboratory of Biochemical Pharmacology, Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Atlanta GA 30033, USA.


An efficient and scalable synthesis of (-)-DAPD and (-)-APD has been developed. We discovered that t-butyl cyanoacetate can be used as a new additive for the sugar nucleoside base coupling step en route to DAPD with improved β-selectivity and an isolated yield four fold greater than the original process scale method. Using this new process, (-)-DAPD has been prepared on greater than 20 g scale. In the synthesis of (-)-APD, a key enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis reaction afforded the water-soluble deprotected α-anomer while leaving the β-anomer completely untouched.

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