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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2013 Jan 4;430(1):66-71. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.11.022. Epub 2012 Nov 15.

Insulin suppression of apolipoprotein B in McArdle RH7777 cells involves increased sortilin 1 interaction and lysosomal targeting.

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Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine & Dentistry, Box 626, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.


Insulin suppresses secretion of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) apolipoprotein (apo) B in primary rodent hepatocytes (RH) by favoring the degradation of B100, the larger form of apo B, through post-endoplasmic reticulum proteolysis. Sortilin 1 (sort1), a multi-ligand sorting receptor, has been proposed as a mediator of lysosomal B100 degradation by directing B100 in pre-VLDL to lysosomes rather than allowing maturation to VLDL and secretion. The purpose of our studies was to investigate the role of sort1 in insulin-dependent degradation of apo B. Using liver derived McArdle RH7777 (McA) cells, we demonstrate that insulin suppresses VLDL B100 secretion via a phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) dependent process that is inhibitable by wortmannin in a fashion similar to RH. Using McA cells and in situ cross-linking, we demonstrate that insulin acutely (30min) stimulates the interaction of B100 with sort1. The insulin-induced interaction of sort1-B100 is markedly enhanced when lysosomal degradation is inhibited by Bafilomycin A1 (BafA1), an inhibitor of lysosomal acidification. As BafA1 also prevents insulin suppressive effects on apo B secretion, our results suggest that sort1-B100 interaction stimulated by insulin transiently accumulates with BafA1 and favors B100 secretion by default.

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