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Epilepsy Behav. 2012 Dec;25(4):563-6. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.09.024. Epub 2012 Nov 13.

Seizure exacerbation in two patients with focal epilepsy following marijuana cessation.

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Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0138, USA.


While animal models of epilepsy suggest that exogenous cannabinoids may have anticonvulsant properties, scant evidence exists for these compounds' efficacy in humans. Here, we report on two patients whose focal epilepsy was nearly controlled through regular outpatient marijuana use. Both stopped marijuana upon admission to our epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) and developed a dramatic increase in seizure frequency documented by video-EEG telemetry. These seizures occurred in the absence of other provocative procedures, including changes to anticonvulsant medications. We review these cases and discuss mechanisms for the potentially anticonvulsant properties of cannabis, based on a review of the literature.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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