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Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 1990 Mar 1;102(3):546-52.

Three forms of trichloroethylene-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver induced by ethanol, phenobarbital, and 3-methylcholanthrene.

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1
Department of Hygiene, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.

Abstract

In vitro metabolism of trichloroethylene (TRI) and trichloroethanol (TCE) was investigated using liver microsomes from control and ethanol-, phenobarbital (PB)-, and 3-methylcholanthrene (MC)-treated rats. At least three forms of enzymes were involved in TRI metabolism. One was a low-Km type normally existing in microsomes from control rats. The ethanol-inducible enzyme was found to be catalytically identical to this low-Km isozyme. Another was a high-Km type which was induced exclusively by PB, and a third was an MC-inducible isozyme with a Km value between those of ethanol- and PB-inducible isozymes. Although MC treatment did not affect the rate of TRI metabolism in vitro, both ethanol and PB treatment markedly enhanced the metabolism. Ethanol-induced enhancement was different from PB-induced enhancement in that ethanol enhanced the metabolism predominantly at low substrate concentrations, whereas PB did so at high concentrations. In addition, TRI metabolism with enzymes from ethanol-treated rats was inhibited by the substrate itself at high concentrations. MC treatment of rats had little or no influence on the rate of TCE metabolism in vitro, whereas both ethanol and PB enhanced the microsomal conversion of TCE to chloral hydrate. As in the case of TRI metabolism, ethanol induced a microsomal TCE-metabolizing enzyme of low Km, whereas PB preferentially induced an enzyme of high Km.

PMID:
2315921
DOI:
10.1016/0041-008x(90)90049-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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