Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Psychophysiology. 2013 Jan;50(1):23-34. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01477.x. Epub 2012 Nov 15.

Pupil size varies with word listening and response selection difficulty in older adults with hearing loss.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charlston, South Carolina 29425, USA. kuchins@musc.edu or eckert@musc.edu

Abstract

Listening to speech in noise can be exhausting, especially for older adults with impaired hearing. Pupil dilation is thought to track the difficulty associated with listening to speech at various intelligibility levels for young and middle-aged adults. This study examined changes in the pupil response with acoustic and lexical manipulations of difficulty in older adults with hearing loss. Participants identified words at two signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) among options that could include a similar-sounding lexical competitor. Growth Curve Analyses revealed that the pupil response was affected by an SNR × Lexical competition interaction, such that it was larger and more delayed and sustained in the harder SNR condition, particularly in the presence of lexical competition. Pupillometry detected these effects for correct trials and across reaction times, suggesting it provides additional evidence of task difficulty than behavioral measures alone.

PMID:
23157603
PMCID:
PMC3527636
DOI:
10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01477.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center