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Span J Psychol. 2012 Nov;15(3):1069-80.

Motivational and emotional profiles in university undergraduates: a self-determination theory perspective.

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Area de Psicología Básica, Universidad de Vigo, Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación, As Lagoas, 32004 Ourense, Spain.


Previous research has focused on specific forms of self-determined motivation or discrete class-related emotions, but few studies have simultaneously examined both constructs. The aim of this study on 472 undergraduates was twofold: to perform cluster analysis to identify homogeneous groups of motivation in the sample; and to determine the profile of each cluster for emotions and academic achievement. Cluster analysis configured four groups in terms of motivation: controlled, autonomous, both high, and both low. Each cluster revealed a distinct emotional profile, autonomous motivation being the most adaptable with high scores for academic achievement and pleasant emotions and low values for unpleasant emotions. The results are discussed in the light of their implications for academic adjustment.

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