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Aviat Space Environ Med. 2012 Nov;83(11):1049-54.

Ligustrazine and the contractile properties of soleus muscle in hindlimb-unloaded rats.

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Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China (Northwest University), Ministry of Education, Xi'an, China.



In this study we investigated the effects of different dosages of ligustrazine (tetramethylpyrazine, Tmp) on soleus function and sarco(endo)plasmatic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) activity in 14-d hindlimb-unloaded (HU) rats.


Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (8 rats in each group): synchronous control (CON); HU plus intragastric water instillation (HU-W); HU plus different dosages of instilled Tmp (high: 42.53 mg x kg(-1), HU-TmpH; low: 21.15 mg x kg(-1), HU-TmpL). Muscle contraction force was examined in the soleus muscle. SERCA activity was assayed according to the released inorganic phosphate content.


As expected, in HU-W, soleus peak twitch tension (Pt), peak tetanic tension (P0), time to 50% peak tension (TP50), time to peak tension (TPT), time from peak tension to 50% relaxation (RT50), and SERCA activity decreased, all compared with CON. HU-TmpH Pt and P0 values were 179% and 90% above HU-W, and 187% and 124% above HU-W in HU-TmpL, respectively. TP50 and TPT values were 148% and 80% slower than HU-W with HU-TmpH and 95% and 32% in the HU-TmpL group, respectively. RT50 was slower than HU-W by 21% in HU-TmpH; SERCA activity elevated by 56% with HU-TmpH and by 72% with HU-TmpL.


Ligustrazine may alleviate the decrease of muscle contractile force and increase of shortening velocity in atrophied soleus, possibly by means of elevated sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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