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Nutr Diabetes. 2011 Nov 7;1:e20. doi: 10.1038/nutd.2011.16.

Angiopoietin-like protein 2 sensitively responds to weight reduction induced by lifestyle intervention on overweight Japanese men.

Author information

  • 11] Division of Health Development of Comprehensive Health Science Center, Aichi Health Promotion Foundation, Aichi-ken, Japan [2] Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Overexpression of Angiopoietin-like protein 2 (Angptl2) in obese adipose tissues promotes adipose tissue inflammation and its-related metabolic abnormalities. In a comparative study with adiponectin, we investigated whether alterations in serum Angptl2 concentrations reflect the effect of lifestyle intervention on weight loss and improved metabolic parameters in overweight subjects.

METHODS:

A total of 154 Japanese men (age, 40.9±5.1 years; body mass index, 26.9±3.6 kg m(-2); abdominal circumference, 94.1±8.9 cm) underwent a 3-month lifestyle intervention and underwent follow-up for 3 months thereafter.

RESULTS:

Decreased serum Angptl2 levels, but not increased serum adiponectin levels, were immediately apparent at the end of 3-month lifestyle intervention. Angptl2 levels continued to decrease for 3 months in parallel with body weight loss and improvement in metabolic indicators. In subjects showing 6% weight reduction, markedly reduced Angptl2 levels were detected at the end of 3-month intervention, whereas increased adiponectin levels were detected 3 months after the end of intervention. Multivariate analysis revealed changes in serum Angptl2 levels associated with changes in triglycerides (TGs), aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase. In contrast, changes in serum adiponectin levels were associated with altered high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and fasting plasma glucose levels.

CONCLUSION:

A 3-month lifestyle intervention promoted weight reduction and improved glucose and lipid metabolism, an effect maintained 3 months later. Notably, our findings indicate that decreased Angptl2 levels are a good indicator of reduced visceral fat and metabolic improvement at early stages of lifestyle intervention. Thus, Angptl2 reflects adiposity and might be a key protein to regulate inflammation and TG metabolism, whereas adiponectin levels could reflect improved glucose and HDL-C metabolism.

PMID:
23154406
PMCID:
PMC3302127
DOI:
10.1038/nutd.2011.16
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