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J Urol. 2013 Apr;189(4):1508-13. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.11.013. Epub 2012 Nov 12.

Primary severe hypospadias: comparison of reoperation rates and parental perception of urinary symptoms and cosmetic outcomes among 4 repairs.

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Section of Pediatric Urology, Urology Unit, University Hospital of Padova, Padua, Italy.



We compared complication rates, urinary symptoms and cosmetic outcomes as perceived by parents of patients undergoing 1 of 4 repairs for proximal hypospadias associated with ventral curvature.


A total of 93 patients underwent hypospadias repair between 2004 and 2010. In patients requiring no urethral plate transection the repair consisted of tubularized incised plate urethroplasty (26 patients) or onlay island flap urethroplasty (31). In patients requiring urethral plate transection the repair consisted of onlay island flap on albuginea (18 patients) or 2-stage repair (18). Complications were assessed by chart review. A customized questionnaire and the Pediatric Penile Perception Score were administered to parents to evaluate their perception of urinary symptoms and cosmetic outcomes, respectively.


After a median followup of 4.5 years (range 2.2 to 8.4) complications developed in 21 patients (23%) without any difference among procedures or between patients who did and did not require urethral plate transection. Parents of 75 patients (80%) participated in the survey without differences among repairs (p = 0.35). Reported urinary symptoms were not different among repairs. For Pediatric Penile Perception Score the only difference concerned the question about penile length (p = 0.03), with the score being significantly better for the techniques requiring urethral plate transection (p = 0.05). The 2-stage repair had a significantly better score for the question about penile length and overall Pediatric Penile Perception Score than all other techniques.


Overall complication rates were comparable among repairs and did not increase after urethral plate transection. Urinary symptoms as reported by parents were comparable among the procedures. Perceived penile length was significantly better after urethral plate transection. The 2-stage repair yielded the best cosmetic results.

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