Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Chest Med. 2012 Dec;33(4):681-703. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2012.07.001.

Occupational and environmental causes of lung cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, 105 River Street, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. bill-field@uiowa.edu

Abstract

Because tobacco smoking is a potent carcinogen, secondary causes of lung cancer are often diminished in perceived importance. The goal of this review is to describe the occurrence and recent findings of the 27 agents currently listed by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as lung carcinogens. The IARC's updated assessments of lung carcinogens provide a long-overdue resource for consensus opinions on the carcinogenic potential of various agents. Supplementary new information, with a focus on analytic epidemiologic studies that has become available since IARC's most recent evaluation, are also discussed.

PMID:
23153609
PMCID:
PMC3875302
DOI:
10.1016/j.ccm.2012.07.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center