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Acta Naturae. 2012 Jul;4(3):72-81.

Cardiological biopharmaceuticals in the conception of drug targeting delivery: practical results and research perspectives.

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Institute of Experimental Cardiology, Russian Cardiology Research and Production Complex, 3-rd Cherepkovskaya Str., 15а, Moscow, 121552 Russia.


The results of the clinical use of thrombolytic and antithrombotic preparations developed on the basis of protein conjugates obtained within the framework of the conception of drug targeting delivery in the organism are considered. A decrease has been noted in the number of biomedical projects focused on these derivatives as a result of various factors: the significant depletion of financial and organizational funds, the saturation of the pharmaceutical market with preparations of this kind, and the appearance of original means for interventional procedures. Factors that actively facilitate the conspicuous potentiation of the efficacy of bioconjugates were revealed: the biomedical testing of protein domains and their selected combinations, the optimization of molecular sizes for the bioconjugates obtained, the density of target localization, the application of cell adhesion molecules as targets, and the application of connected enzyme activities. Enzyme antioxidants and the opportunity for further elaboration of the drug delivery conception via the elucidation and formation of therapeutic targets for effective drug reactions by means of pharmacological pre- and postconditioning of myocardium arouse significant interest.


antithrombotic agents; cell adhesion molecules; density of molecular targets; drug targeting delivery; enzyme connected antioxidants; molecular size of bioconjugates; pharmacological pre- and post-conditioning of myocardium; protein bioconjugates; thrombolytics

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