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Diabetes Care. 2013 Mar;36(3):557-61. doi: 10.2337/dc12-1174. Epub 2012 Nov 12.

Heterogeneity in phenotype of usher-congenital hyperinsulinism syndrome: hearing loss, retinitis pigmentosa, and hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia ranging from severe to mild with conversion to diabetes.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Endocrinology Division, King Abdulaziz Medical City-Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the phenotype of 15 children with congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) and profound hearing loss, known as Homozygous 11p15-p14 Deletion syndrome (MIM #606528).

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Prospective clinical follow-up and genetic analysis by direct sequencing, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, and microsatellite markers.

RESULTS:

Genetic testing identified the previous described homozygous deletion in 11p15, USH1C:c.(90+592)_ABCC8:c.(2694-528)del. Fourteen patients had severe CHI demanding near-total pancreatectomy. In one patient with mild, transient neonatal hypoglycemia and nonautoimmune diabetes at age 11 years, no additional mutations were found in HNF1A, HNF4A, GCK, INS, and INSR. Retinitis pigmentosa was found in two patients aged 9 and 13 years. No patients had enteropathy or renal tubular defects. Neuromotor development ranged from normal to severe delay with epilepsy.

CONCLUSIONS:

The phenotype of Homozygous 11p15-p14 Deletion syndrome, or Usher-CHI syndrome, includes any severity of neonatal-onset CHI and severe, sensorineural hearing loss. Retinitis pigmentosa and nonautoimmune diabetes may occur in adolescence.

PMID:
23150283
PMCID:
PMC3579360
DOI:
10.2337/dc12-1174
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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