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Int J Obes (Lond). 2013 Apr;37(4):493-9. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2012.184. Epub 2012 Nov 13.

Comorbidities in overweight children and adolescents: do we treat them effectively?

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition Medicine, Vestische Hospital for Children and Adolescents Datteln, University of Witten/Herdecke, Datteln, Germany. T.Reinehr@kinderklinik-datteln.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim was to analyze the effectiveness of treatment concerning obesity-associated comorbidities in clinical practice.

METHODS:

A total of 11,681 overweight children with ≥ 6-month follow-up treated at 175 centers specialized in pediatric obesity care in Central Europe were included in this analysis (mean body mass index (BMI) 29.0 ± 5.6 kg m(-)(2), standard deviation score body mass index (SDS-BMI) 2.48 ± 0.54, 45% boys, age 11.4 ± 2.8 years). The changes of weight status, blood pressure, fasting lipids and glucose, and oral glucose tolerance tests were documented by standardized prospective quality documentation software (APV).

RESULTS:

After follow-up of in median 1.2 (interquartile range 0.9-2.2) years, a mean reduction of -0.15 SDS-BMI was achieved. The prevalence of prehypertension (37->33%) and hypertension (17->12%) decreased, while prevalences of triglycerides >150 mg dl(-1) (22->21%), low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol >130 mg dl(-1) (15->14%), impaired fasting glucose (6->6%) and impaired glucose tolerance (9->8%) remained stable. Drug treatment according to cutoffs recommended in European obesity guidelines were not frequently indicated (hypertension: 10%; dyslipidemia: 1%, type 2 diabetes <1%). None of the children with dyslipidemia received lipid-lowering drugs and only 1.4% of the children with hypertension were treated with antihypertensive drugs.

CONCLUSIONS:

Achieving sufficient weight loss to improve obesity associated comorbidities was difficult in clinical practice. Drug treatment of hypertension, dyslipidemia and type 2 diabetes was rarely performed even if it was indicated only in a minority of the overweight children. Future analyses should identify reasons for this insufficient drug treatment of comorbidities and analyze whether the benchmarking processes of APV improve medical care of childhood obesity.

PMID:
23147116
DOI:
10.1038/ijo.2012.184
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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