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Carbohydr Res. 2012 Dec 15;364:28-40. doi: 10.1016/j.carres.2012.09.020. Epub 2012 Oct 5.

Synthesis of 1,2,3-triazoles from xylosyl and 5-thioxylosyl azides: evaluation of the xylose scaffold for the design of potential glycogen phosphorylase inhibitors.

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Institut de Chimie et Biochimie Moléculaires et Supramoléculaires, Laboratoire de Chimie Organique 2, Glycochimie, UMR 5246, CNRS, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France.


Various acetylenic derivatives and acetylated β-D-xylopyranosyl azide or the 5-thio-β-d-xylopyranosyl analogue were coupled by Cu(I)-catalyzed azide alkyne 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition (CuAAC) to afford a series of 1-xylosyl-4-substituted 1,2,3-triazoles. Controlled oxidation of the endocyclic sulfur atom of the 5-thioxylose moiety led to the corresponding sulfoxides and sulfones. Deacetylation afforded 19 hydroxylated xylose and 5-thioxylose derivatives, found to be only sparingly water-soluble. Compared to glucose-based analogues, they appeared to be much weaker inhibitors of glycogen phosphorylase, as the absence of a hydroxymethyl group weakens their binding at the enzyme active site. However, such new xylose derivatives might be useful glycomimetics.

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