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PLoS One. 2012;7(11):e48818. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048818. Epub 2012 Nov 7.

Mortality associated with diabetes and cardiovascular disease in older women.

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1
Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland. david.nanchen@chuv.ch

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Current guidelines for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) recommend diabetes as a CVD risk equivalent. However, reports that have examined the risk of diabetes in comparison to pre-existing CVD are lacking among older women. We aimed to assess whether diabetes was associated with a similar risk of total and cause-specific mortality as a history of CVD in older women.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

We studied 9218 women aged 68 years or older enrolled in a prospective cohort study (Study of Osteoporotic Fracture) during a mean follow-up period of 11.7 years and compared all-cause, cardiovascular and coronary heart disease mortality among 4 groups: non-diabetic women with and without existing CVD, diabetic women with and without existing CVD. Mean (SD) age of the participants was 75.2 (5.3) years, 3.5% reported diabetes and 6.8% reported existing CVD. During follow-up, 5117 women died with 36% from CVD. The multivariate adjusted risk of cardiovascular mortality was increased among both non-diabetic women with CVD (hazard ratio (HR) 2.32, 95% CI: 1.97-2.74, P<0.001) and diabetic women without CVD (HR 2.06, CI: 1.62-2.64, P<0.001) compared to non-diabetic women without existing CVD. All-cause, cardiovascular and coronary mortality of non-diabetic women with CVD were not significantly different from diabetic women without CVD.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

Older diabetic women without CVD have a similar risk of cardiovascular mortality compared to non-diabetic women with pre-existing CVD. The equivalence of diabetes and CVD seems to extend to older women, supporting current guidelines for cardiovascular prevention.

PMID:
23144985
PMCID:
PMC3492230
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0048818
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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