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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Jan;98(1):E103-8. doi: 10.1210/jc.2012-2639. Epub 2012 Nov 8.

Pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1b due to paternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 20q.

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1
Department of Clinical Genetics, Nottingham University Hospitals National Health Service Trust, Nottingham NG5 1PB, United Kingdom.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1b (PHP1b) is the result of end-organ resistance to PTH and other hormones such as TSH in the absence of any features of Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy. Patients with PHP1b show imprinting abnormalities at the complex GNAS locus. The molecular cause of autosomal dominant familial PHP1b has been well-defined with identification of microdeletions within the GNAS locus or the nearby STX16, but the molecular mechanism of the GNAS imprinting defects in sporadic PHP1b cases remains elusive.

OBJECTIVE:

We investigated the underlying molecular mechanism of GNAS imprinting defects in two patients with sporadic PHP1b.

RESULTS:

We identified paternal uniparental disomy of the long arm of chromosome 20 (patUPD20) in two unrelated patients with sporadic PHP1b. This provides an explanation for the patients' GNAS methylation abnormalities and hormone resistance. Our data and a review of the six published cases of patUPD20 suggest that high birth weight and/or early-onset obesity and macrocephaly may also represent features of patUPD20.

CONCLUSION:

We suggest that patUPD20 should be considered in the evaluation of patients with sporadic PHP1b.

PMID:
23144470
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2012-2639
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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