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Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Dec 7;91(6):1103-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.09.019. Epub 2012 Nov 8.

Defective presynaptic choline transport underlies hereditary motor neuropathy.

Author information

1
Centre for Human Genetics, St. George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK.

Abstract

The neuromuscular junction (NMJ) is a specialized synapse with a complex molecular architecture that provides for reliable transmission between the nerve terminal and muscle fiber. Using linkage analysis and whole-exome sequencing of DNA samples from subjects with distal hereditary motor neuropathy type VII, we identified a mutation in SLC5A7, which encodes the presynaptic choline transporter (CHT), a critical determinant of synaptic acetylcholine synthesis and release at the NMJ. This dominantly segregating SLC5A7 mutation truncates the encoded product just beyond the final transmembrane domain, eliminating cytosolic-C-terminus sequences known to regulate surface transporter trafficking. Choline-transport assays in both transfected cells and monocytes from affected individuals revealed significant reductions in hemicholinium-3-sensitive choline uptake, a finding consistent with a dominant-negative mode of action. The discovery of CHT dysfunction underlying motor neuropathy identifies a biological basis for this group of conditions and widens the spectrum of disorders that derive from impaired NMJ transmission. Our findings compel consideration of mutations in SLC5A7 or its functional partners in relation to unexplained motor neuronopathies.

PMID:
23141292
PMCID:
PMC3516609
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.09.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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