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Mayo Clin Proc. 1990 Mar;65(3):329-36.

Pediatric reference intervals for 19 biologic variables in healthy children.

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Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905.


We defined age- and sex-specific reference intervals for 19 biologic variables in serum samples from healthy children, 1 to 22 years of age, using common laboratory equipment. Upper and lower reference intervals were defined as the estimated 2.5 and 97.5 percentiles of the distribution. For variables (y) that varied with age, the relationship of y to age was modeled with polynomial regression. Parametric percentile estimates specific to each age were then calculated as the predicted y value +/- 1.96 . SD, in which SD = the standard deviation of the residuals. For variables not associated with age, the nonparametric 2.5 and 97.5 sample percentiles were used to define the reference intervals. No significant age or sex differences were found for serum sodium, total protein, glucose, direct bilirubin, or albumin. Potassium, chloride, and urea showed constant values in children that were higher than adult values in the case of potassium and chloride and lower than adult values in the case of urea. No sex-related differences were seen for these analytes. Creatinine, uric acid, and bicarbonate showed an upward trend in values with increasing age, whereas aspartate aminotransferase, phosphorus, and total and ionized calcium showed a downward trend with increasing age. Sex-related differences were noted for these analytes. The immunoglobulins (IgG, IgA, and IgM) showed an upward trend with increasing age, with no sex-related differences except for IgM in children.

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[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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