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J Diabetes Complications. 2013 Mar-Apr;27(2):158-61. doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2012.09.011. Epub 2012 Nov 7.

Impact of differences in glucose tolerance on the prevalence of a negative insulinogenic index.

Author information

1
Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, VA Puget Sound Health Care System and University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the prevalence of a negative insulinogenic index (change in plasma insulin/change in plasma glucose from 0 to 30 min) from an oral glucose tolerance test according to glucose tolerance category.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Data from the San Antonio Heart Study (n=2494), Japanese American Community Diabetes Study (JACDS; n=594) and Genetics of NIDDM Study (n=1519) were examined. Glucose tolerance was defined by ADA criteria.

RESULTS:

In the combined cohort, the prevalence of a negative insulinogenic index was significantly higher in diabetes 20/616 (3.2%) compared to normal glucose tolerance 43/2667 (1.6%) (p<0.05). Longitudinally, in the JACDS cohort, the prevalence did not change from baseline (3/594; 0.5%) to 5 (4/505; 0.7%) and 10 years (8/426; 1.9%) (p=0.9) and no subject had a repeat negative insulinogenic index.

CONCLUSIONS:

A negative insulinogenic index occurs at a low prevalence across glucose tolerance categories although more often in diabetes, but without recurrence over time.

Comment in

PMID:
23140910
PMCID:
PMC3618472
DOI:
10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2012.09.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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