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Mol Carcinog. 2014 Apr;53(4):300-13. doi: 10.1002/mc.21977. Epub 2012 Nov 8.

Human MCS5A1 candidate breast cancer susceptibility gene FBXO10 is induced by cellular stress and correlated with lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF).

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Louisville Health Sciences Center, Louisville, Kentucky.


Genetic variation and candidate genes associated with breast cancer susceptibility have been identified. Identifying molecular interactions between associated genetic variation and cellular proteins may help to better understand environmental risk. Human MCS5A1 breast cancer susceptibility associated SNP rs7042509 is located in F-box protein 10 (FBXO10). An orthologous Rattus norvegicus DNA-sequence that contains SNV ss262858675 is located in rat Mcs5a1, which is part of a mammary carcinoma susceptibility locus controlling tumor development in a non-mammary cell-autonomous manner via an immune cell-mediated mechanism. Higher Fbxo10 expression in T cells is associated with Mcs5a increased susceptibility alleles. A common DNA-protein complex bound human and rat sequences containing MCS5A1/Mcs5a1 rs7042509/ss262858675 in electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSAs). Lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF), a stress-response protein, was identified as a candidate to bind both human and rat sequences using DNA-pulldown and mass spectrometry. LEDGF binding was confirmed by LEDGF-antibody EMSA and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). Ectopic expression of LEDGF/p75 increased luciferase activities of co-transfected reporters containing both human and rat orthologs. Over-expressed LEDGF/p75 increased endogenous FBXO10 mRNA levels in Jurkat cells, a human T-cell line, implying LEDGF may be involved in increasing FBXO10 transcript levels. Oxidative and thermal stress of Jurkat cells increased FBXO10 and LEDGF expression, further supporting a hypothesis that LEDGF binds to a regulatory region of FBXO10 and increases expression during conditions favoring carcinogenesis. We conclude that FBXO10, a candidate breast cancer susceptibility associated gene, is induced by cellular stress and LEDGF may play a role in expression of this gene.


MCS5A; comparative genetics; complex diseases; non-protein-coding genetic variants; rs7042509

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