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Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2013 Jul-Aug;41(4):246-54. doi: 10.1016/j.aller.2012.06.006. Epub 2012 Nov 6.

Expression of epidermal growth factors and a tight junction protein in the nasal mucosa of patients with chronic hypertrophic rhinitis.

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1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

ErbB family receptors and tight junction proteins participate in the pathologic process including tissue remodelling of inflammatory diseases in the upper and lower respiratory tracts. This study aimed at investigating the expressions of erbB1, 2, 3, 4, and a tight junction protein, claudin-1, in the nasal mucosa of patients with chronic hypertrophic rhinitis.

METHODS:

Inferior turbinates were collected from 10 turbinectomised patients with allergic and non-allergic chronic hypertrophic rhinitis. The expressions of erbB1, 2, 3, 4, and claudin-1 were examined by fluorescence immunohistochemistry and by quantitative real-time transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).

RESULTS:

All erbB1-4 and claudin-1 were detected, and mainly localised in the epithelial cells and nasal gland cells. The immunoreactivity for claudin-1 was positively correlated with the expressions of erbB1, 2 and 4, but negatively correlated with that of erbB3. The mRNA expressions of erbB1, 2 and 4 were positively correlated with one another, whereas the expression of erbB3 showed negative correlation with the immunoreactivity for erbB2 and 4.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest a possible participation of erbBs and claudin-1 in tissue remodelling in chronic hypertrophic rhinitis.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic hypertrophic rhinitis; Claudin-1; ErbB; Inferior turbinate; Nasal mucosa; Tight junction protein

PMID:
23137868
DOI:
10.1016/j.aller.2012.06.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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