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Breed Sci. 2012 Mar;62(1):11-7. doi: 10.1270/jsbbs.62.11. Epub 2012 Mar 20.

Evaluation of the effects of five QTL regions on Fusarium head blight resistance and agronomic traits in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).

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Hokkaido Research Organization, Agricultural Research Department, Chuo Agricultural Experiment Station , Higashi-6, Kita-15, Naganuma, Hokkaido 069-1395, Japan.


Fusarium head blight (FHB) is an important disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The aim of this study was to determine the effects of quantitative trait locus (QTL) regions for resistance to FHB and estimate their effects on reducing FHB damage to wheat in Hokkaido, northern Japan. We examined 233 F(1)-derived doubled-haploid (DH) lines from a cross between 'Kukeiharu 14' and 'Sumai 3' to determine their reaction to FHB during two seasons under field conditions. The DH lines were genotyped at five known FHB-resistance QTL regions (on chromosomes 3BS, 5AS, 6BS, 2DL and 4BS) by using SSR markers. 'Sumai 3' alleles at the QTLs at 3BS and 5AS effectively reduced FHB damage in the environment of Hokkaido, indicating that these QTLs will be useful for breeding spring wheat cultivars suitable for Hokkaido. Some of the QTL regions influenced agronomic traits: 'Sumai 3' alleles at the 4BS and 5AS QTLs significantly increased stem length and spike length, that at the 2DL QTL significantly decreased grain weight, and that at the 6BS QTL significantly delayed heading, indicating pleiotropic or linkage effects between these agronomic traits and FHB resistance.


Fusarium head blight; QTL; agronomic traits; wheat

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