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Breed Sci. 2012 Jan;61(5):544-53. doi: 10.1270/jsbbs.61.544. Epub 2012 Feb 4.

Rj (rj) genes involved in nitrogen-fixing root nodule formation in soybean.

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National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences , 2-1-2 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8602, Japan.


It has long been known that formation of symbiotic root nodules in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is controlled by several host genes referred to as Rj (rj) genes, but molecular cloning of these genes has been hampered by soybean's complicated genome structure and large genome size. Progress in molecular identification of legume genes involved in root nodule symbiosis have been mostly achieved by using two model legumes, Lotus japonicus and Medicago truncatula, that have relatively simple and small genomes and are capable of molecular transfection. However, recent development of resources for soybean molecular genetic research, such as genome sequencing, large EST databases, and high-density linkage maps, have enabled us to isolate several Rj genes. This progress has been achieved in connection with systematic utilization of the information obtained from molecular genetics of the model legumes. In this review, we summarize the current status of knowledge of host-controlled nodulation in soybean based on information from recent studies on Rj genes, and discuss the future research prospects.


Rj (rj) gene; autoregulation of nodulation; host-controlled nodulation; host-restriction of nodulation; model legume; root nodule symbiosis; soybean

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