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HIV Clin Trials. 2012 Sep-Oct;13(5):278-83. doi: 10.1310/hct1305-278.

Vitamin D deficiency is common among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in Pune, India, but is not associated with mother-to-child HIV transmission.

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Byramjee-Jeejeebhoy Medical College Clinical Trials Units, Pune, India.


A recent report from Tanzania demonstrated an increased risk of being HIV infected or of dying at birth among children born to breastfeeding mothers with low baseline vitamin D levels. We conducted a nested case-control study among HIV-infected pregnant women in western India to confirm the association between maternal vitamin D levels and mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency were common among HIV-infected pregnant women, but were not associated with mother to child HIV transmission at 1 year postpartum (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.66; 95% CI, 0.30-1.45; P = .30).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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