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Am J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2012;2(2):136-40. Epub 2012 Mar 28.

In a "nutshell": intrinsically radio-labeled quantum dots.

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Departments of Radiology and Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin - Madison Madison, WI, USA ; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center Madison, WI, USA.


Quantum dots (QDs) have many intriguing properties suitable for biomedical imaging applications. The poor tissue penetration of optical imaging in general, including those using QDs, has motivated the development of various QD-based dual-modality imaging agents. In this issue of AJNMMI (, Sun et al. reported the synthesis and in vitro/in vivo characterization of intrinsically radio-labeled QDs (r-QDs), where (109)Cd was incorporated into the core/shell of QDs of various compositions. These r-QDs emit in the near-infrared range, have long circulation half-life, are quite stable with low cytotoxicity, exhibit small size and low accumulation in the reticuloendothelial system, and can allow for accurate measurement of their biodistribution in mice. With these desirable features demonstrated in this study, future development and optimization will further enhance the biomedical potential of intrinsically radio-labeled QDs.


Quantum-dots (QDs); nanoparticle; near-infrared (NIR); optical imaging; positron emission tomography (PET); single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)

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